Preservation of Scientific Data in the Humanities
René van Horik
Issues covered in the presentation:
- Scientific data archives in the Humanities and Social Sciences:
- Social science data archives. (Survey based. Archiving methods developed in the 1970s).
- Electronic text archives. (Importance of TEI for describing content, context and structure of electronic texts).
- Historical data archives (both structured and unstructured data. Archiving routines based on social science data archives).
- Source oriented computing vs. problem oriented computing and its impact on data archiving methods.
- Importance of relation dataset – historical source
- Public record offices. (Relative recent interest in digital archiving, definition issues, legal context, adoption of principle of provenance in digital environment).
- International situation:
- Social Science and Historical data archives in Europe (Organisation and situation in a number of countries)
- International collaboration
- IFDO (International Federation of Data Organizations)
- CESSDA Council of European Social Science Data Archives)
- User oriented organisations
- AHC: Association for History and Computing.
- ACH/ALLC: Association for Computers and the Humanities / Association for literary and linguistic computing.
- Important standards:
- OAIS (helps to establish common vocabulary)
- DDI (Data Documentation Initiative)
- XML based standards, e.g. METS
- Changing research practice and influence on data archiving
- Scholars working together in networked environment ("Collaboratories" / "Sharium")
- Data archives must be active at the beginning of the data life cycle
- Central vs. distributed models for storage
- Open Access